platinum group introduction

platinum group introduction

platinum group introduction - de-balans-timmerwerken.be

Introduction The six platinum group metals (PGMs) occur together in nature alongside nickel and copper. Mineable deposits of PGMs are very rare, with annual production amounting to around 400 tonnes, several orders of magnitude lower than many common metals. Due to their economic values and higher quantities, platinum and palladium are the most

List of Platinum Group Metals or PGMs - ThoughtCo

Aug 01, 2019· Sources of Platinum Group Metals . Platinum gets its name from platina, meaning "little silver," because the Spaniards considered it an unwanted impurity in silver mining operations in Colombia.For the most part, PGMs are found together in ores. Ultramafic and mafic igneous rocks contain high levels of platinum group metals, the granites contain a low percentage of the metals.

(PDF) The platinum-group minerals - ResearchGate

The platinum-group element (PGE) contents in magmatic ores and rocks are normally in the low μg/g (even in the ng/g) level, yet they form discrete platinum-group mineral (PGM) phases.

platinum group introduction - de-balans-timmerwerken.be

Platinum-Group Metals—World Supply and Demand By David R. Wilburn and Donald I. Bleiwas Introduction Platinum-group metals (PGMs) include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium. PGMs are used in a wide variety of applications such as vehicle catalysts for controlling.

Platinum - Wikipedia

Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal.Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver".. Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements.It has six naturally occurring isotopes.

Platinum-Group Metal - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Platinum-group metals, that is, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Ru and Os, are predominantly extracted from sulfide ores from South Africa and Siberia. Their extraction always involves smelting followed by hydrometallurgical refining. ... 1.1 Introduction. Pt-group metals (PGMs), together with silver and gold, constitute the group known as noble metals. These ...

Platinum Group Security: Introduction - YouTube

Jul 02, 2020· Platinum Group Security: Introduction Platinum Group Security. Loading... Unsubscribe from Platinum Group Security? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 5. ...

Platinum Group Metals - PGM Markets

Platinum is both an essential and precious metal and is part of the six member family of platinum group metals (PGMs) which also includes palladium, rhodium, iridium, osmium, and ruthenium. These metals are known for their purity, high melting points and unique catalytic properties.

The Properties and Applications of Platinum

Aug 21, 2020· An alloy of the platinum group metals (PGMs), which includes platinum, was used to decorate the Casket of Thebes, an Egyptian tomb that dates back to about 700BC. This is the earliest known use of platinum, although pre-Columbian South Americans also made ornaments from gold and platinum …

Introduction | Platinum-Group Metals | The National ...

Suggested Citation:"Introduction."National Research Council. 1977. Platinum-Group Metals.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/20345. ×

Extraction of Platinum Group Metals | IntechOpen

Oct 02, 2017· Platinum group metals (PGMs) are a group of six elements, namely iridium (Ir), osmium (Os), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh) and ruthenium (Ru) [1, 2].PGMs together with gold and silver are classified as noble or precious metals because of their high corrosion and oxidation resistance [1, 2, 3].The world's reserves of platinum group metals/elements are estimated at 100 million ...

Platinum - Element information, properties and uses ...

Platinum group metals are also components of many autocatalysts, converting car exhaust gases in to less harmful substance. And our fascination with platinum as a rare and robust metal continues. The term 'platinum blond' came about in the 1930's when actresses with platinum jewellery were the stars of newly invented talking pictures.

Platinum-Group Metals—World Supply and Demand

Introduction Platinum-group metals (PGMs) include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium. PGMs are used in a wide variety of applications such as vehicle catalysts for controlling vehicle pollution, chemical catalysts and coatings, dental alloys, electronic components and computer

Platinum is produced in South Africa by Amplats, Impala ...

Introduction. South Africa has more than 80 per cent of the world's platinum reserves, and is the world's largest producer of platinum group metals (PGMs). These vast resources occur together with the world's largest reserves of chromium and vanadium ore in …

Sac Platinum Group Introduction Video - YouTube

Feb 08, 2018· There is a better way to sell your home. Watch this video to learn how I market your home differently and, more importantly, how I negotiate on your behalf differently. I will sell your home for ...

THE PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS …

Introduction The six platinum group metals (PGMs) occur together in nature alongside nickel and copper. Mineable deposits of PGMs are very rare, with annual production amounting to around 400 tonnes, several orders of magnitude lower than many common metals. Due to their economic values and higher quantities, platinum and palladium are the most

Platinum-group elements - USGS

The platinum-group elements (PGEs)—platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium—are metals that have similar physical and chemical properties and tend to occur together in nature. PGEs are indispensable to many industrial applications but are mined in only a few places. The availability and accessibility of PGEs could be disrupted by economic, environmental, political, and ...

platinum group introduction - chalkandcork.co.za

Introduction to Platinum CME Group. Platinum is rare, concentrated in one location with underground reserves requiring significant capital investment to extract and refine. Platinum mining output from South Africa has fallen steadily since 2006, despite ten years of rises in the price of the basket of metals sold by platinum mining companies.

Recycling the Platinum Group Metals: A European ...

The high technical recyclability of platinum group metals means that over 95% recovery can be achieved once pgm-containing scrap reaches a state-of-the-art refining facility. Technical challenges exist, but the main barriers to recycling pgms lie in ensuring the collection of scrap and in the capacity and technical capabilities of recycling chains around the world.

Sword Art Online Platinum Collector's Edition Announced by ...

Oct 08, 2020· ­­Yen Press, LLC is a joint venture between Kadokawa Corporation and Hachette Book Group. Founded in 2006, Yen Press has quickly risen to become one of the largest and most prolific publishers of manga and original graphic novels in the North American marketplace and a driving force in the introduction of light novels and Japanese literature ...

Lesson 27 Platinum Group Elements - Introduction, History ...

Introduction Platinum is one of the precious noble metals and is even less abundant in the Earth's crust than gold. Platinum (Pt) is one of 6 elements that are commonly grouped together as the Platinum Group Elements or PGEs. The other 5 are palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), osmium (Os), and iridium (Ir). The PGEs are adjacent to Au and Ag in the Periodic Table, thus predicting ...

A New Generation of Platinum and Palladium Mines

Oct 19, 2015· Overview of Platinum Group Metals Ltd. 3 Producer and developer with leverage to platinum and palladium. Multiple shallow depth, low operating cost projects: — Western Bushveld JV ("WBJV") Project 1 — Waterberg Joint Venture Significant mineral inventory:* — 4.1 Moz P&P reserves at WBJV Project 1 — 12.61 Moz Indicated and 25.64 Moz Inferred resources at Waterberg JV

Introduction to a Special Issue on the Norilsk-Talnakh Ni ...

Sep 01, 2020· Introduction to a Special Issue on the Norilsk-Talnakh Ni-Cu-Platinum Group Element Deposits Stephen J. Barnes; Stephen J. Barnes 1. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Mineral Resources, P.O. Box 1130 …

Responsibility | Importance of Copper, Nickel and Platinum ...

PLATINUM GROUP METALS. Platinum and palladium play important roles in modern society. They serve as primary components in catalytic converters for cars, trucks and buses and can be used to convert emissions from the vehicle's engine into less harmful waste products. Platinum also is used in fuel cells, diabetes test strips and different types ...

Platinum group | chemical element group | Britannica

Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt). The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. The chemical behaviour of these metals is paradoxical

General introduction to catalysis by platinum group metals ...

Jan 01, 1991· CHAPTER 2 General introduction to catalysis by platinum group metals G. C. Bond 2.1 Foundations of Catalysis 2.1.1 Historical introduction 2.1.2 Definitions 2.1.3 Heterogeneous, homogeneous and enzymatic catalysis 2.2 Chemisorption 2.2.1 Chemical and physical interactions of molecules with metallic surfaces 2.2.2 Chemisorption properties of the platinum group metals 2.2.3 …

Platinum group - The metals and their alloys | Britannica

Platinum group - Platinum group - The metals and their alloys: The mechanical properties of the six platinum metals differ greatly. Platinum and palladium are rather soft and very ductile; these metals and most of their alloys can be worked hot or cold. Rhodium is initially worked hot, but cold-working can be done later with rather frequent annealing.

World Platinum Investment Council - Events

Platinum group metals; 24th July 2020. ... Introduction to WPIC reports introduction 20th April, 2020. In this podcast, Trevor Raymond, Director of Research, discusses the investment case for platinum with Andrew Monk from VSA Capital. Topics discussed include: Why invest in platinum?

SAFE USE OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS IN THE WORKPLACE

CHAPTER 1 | INTRODUCTION AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.2 Six elements of Groups 8, 9, and 10 in the periodic table constitute the platinum group metals (PGMs): platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), iridium (Ir), and osmium (Os). In historic terms, the health e˛ ect of greatest concern in relation to human exposure to PGMs has

Platinum Educational Group- Introduction to Platinum ...

May 20, 2015· PlatinumPlanner is an industry leading online scheduling software program designed for EMS and Allied Health schools.